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ABC Edit

MODERN GREEK

Mini Introduction Edit

HOW TO ADD THE GREEK ALPHABET TO YOUR KEYBOARD

Here are some links to easily convert your keyboard to enable you to use both Latin and Greek characters as you need.

For Windows

(https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/17424/windows-change-keyboard-layout)

(https://www.conversationexchange.com/resources/keyboard-language.php?lg=en)

For Mac

(http://www.wikihow.com/Change-the-Keyboard-Language-of-a-Mac)

To put the accent mark, press the semicolon key and then the vowel.

THE FORUMS

(https://www.duolingo.com/topic/936)(https://www.duolingo.com/comment/17556409)

Welcome to Modern Greek course for English speakers! Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. It has the longest documented history of any existing Indo-European language. From antiquity to present the language has presented many important changes resulting in its current form. Modern Greek (the language of our course) is spoken by 13 million people, it is the official language of Greece and one of the official languages of the Republic of Cyprus and the European Union.

The word ''alphabet'' comes from the first two letters of the Greek Alphabet, alpha, and beta (Α and Β). The Greek Alphabet has 24 letters, which are the same as Classical Greek. However, their pronunciation is completely different.

(Here is a link to a more comprehensive guide to the alphabet:here

The alphabet used in this lesson Edit

Greek: Upper Case-Lower Case Name// English Name Νearest pronunciation
Α-α Άλφα // Alpha A as in Ant
Β-β Βήτα // Veeta V as in Vase
Γ-γ Γάμμα (Γάμα) //Gama γ
Δ-δ Δέλτα //Delta ð as in THe
Ε-ε Εψίλον //Epsilon E as in Element
Ζ-ζ Ζήτα //Ζεετα Z as in Zoo
Η-η* Ήτα //Eeta EE as in sEE
Θ-θ Θήτα //theta
Ι-ι* Ιώτα (γιώτα)//Iota EE as in sEE
Κ-κ Κάππα (κάπα)/Kapa K as inCow
Λ-λ Λάμδα//Lambda L as in Lemon
Μ-μ Μυ (μι) //Mee M as in Mother
Ν-ν Νυ (Νι) //Nee N as in North
Ξ-ξ Ξει (Ξι) //Ksee X as in foX
Ο-ο* Όμικρον// Omicron O as in Organ
Π-π Πει (Πι) //Pee P as in Pet
Ρ-ρ Ρω (ρο/Row R as in Rhapsody
Σ-σ/ς* Σίγμα Sigma
Τ-τ Ταυ // Taf T as in Table
Υ-υ* Ύψιλον//Ypsilon EE as in sEE
Φ-φ Φει (φι) //Fee F as in Fun
Χ-χ Χει (Χι) //Chee H as in Hurry
Ψ-ψ ψει (ψι) /Psee PS as in liPStick
Ω-ω* Ωμέγα //Omega O as in Organ

Note: * Η-η, Ι-ι and Υ-υ have the same pronunciation (''ee'')

  • Ο-ο and Ω-ω have the same pronunciation (''o'')
  • The pronunciations and their examples shown above are the nearest (not the exact) pronunciations in Modern Greek. The sound of some letters varies depending on the letter that follows.

WHERE TO FIND THE GREEK LETTERS ON YOU QWERTYKEYBOARD

**Of the 24 letters in the Greek alphabet 13 are exactly the same in appearance as the Latin.

These are: A, B, E, H, I, K, M, N, O, T, X, Y, Z (They are not always pronounced the same but they are typed on the same key.

7 keys have the same sound: And are found on that key.

Φ = F

Λ = L

Π = P

Ρ = R

Σσ = S (ς = found on W)

2 have similar sound:

Γ = G

Δ = D

That leaves only 4 Greek letter with places you have to learn.

Here is where you'll find them:

Θ = U

Ξ = J

Ψ = C

Ω = V

Σ = S σ/ς Sigma has two different types in the lower case. When it is at the beginning of or inside the word it is written as σ but when it is at the end of a word it is written as ς this can be found at w**

Diphthongs# Edit

ΑΙ αι = sounds like E-ε as

ΕΙ ει = sounds like Η-η, Ι-ι, Υ-υ

ΟΙ οι = sounds just like Η-η, Ι-ι, Υ-υ

ΥΙ υι = sounds just like Η-η, Ι-ι, Υ-υ or like ee-ee

ΑΥ αυ= sounds like “av” or “af”

ΕΥ ευ= sounds like “ev” or “ef”

ΟΥ ου = sounds like "u" as in "soup" .

Double consonants Edit

ΜΠ μπ = sounds like b

ΝΤ ντ = sounds like d

ΓΚ γκ = sounds like g

ΓΓ γγ = sound like ng

ΤΣ τσ = sounds like ts

ΤΖ τζ = sounds like tz

Accents Edit

Modern Greek has only ONE accent, that is placed above the accented vowels, and it looks like this: ά,έ, ή, ί, ό, ύ, ώ. The accent goes on one of the three last syllables. Accents help you give emphasis to the right syllable. E.g. “βιβλίο” (veevLEEo), ''μιλώ'' (meeLO) etc.

  • Capital letters can take accents ONLY on the first letter. However, it can be omitted. E.g ΌΧΙ / ΟΧΙ (Ohee), but ΕΣΥ (eSEE).

Punctuation Marks Edit

The Period, or full stop, the comma and the exclamation mark are the same as English.

The Greek question mark looks just like the English semi colon ;and can be found on the Q when you are on the Greek keyboard.

Basics 1 Edit

HOW TO ADD THE GREEK ALPHABET TO YOUR KEYBOARD

For Windows

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/17424/windows-change-keyboard-layout https://www.conversationexchange.com/resources/keyboard-language.php?lg=en

For Mac

http://www.wikihow.com/Change-the-Keyboard-Language-of-a-Mac

https://www.duolingo.com/topic/936

AND the Forum: HOW TO TYPE IN GREEK SEE THIS LINK https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23095423

A list of verbs used in this skill and variations between conjugations are given below:

be - είμαι

drink - πίνω

eat - τρώω

Definite Articles Edit

Definite articles in Greek are equivalent to the English word ''the'', however, in Greek, they vary depending on the gender and number of the word that follows.

NOTE the gender refers to the word ... NOT... to the person or object involved. For example, "the girl" το κορίτσι and "the boy" το αγόρι are neuter but "the chair" η καρέλα is feminine....

Greek like Polish, Russian, and many other languages uses 3 grammatical genders to describe nouns. While English though, has «the» for every gender and number, Greek has six possible articles.

Number and Gender in Nominative Article Example
Singular masculine ο ο άντρας = the man
Plural masculine οι οι άντρες = the men
Singular feminine η η γυναίκα = the woman
Plural feminine οι οι γυναίκες = the women
Singular neuter το το παιδί = the child
Plural neuter τα τα παιδιά = the children
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